EPR Canada

EPR Canada

September 2017

EPR Canada Publishes EPR Summary Report for 2016

EPR Canada has published our fifth and final report on the progress Canadian federal, provincial and territorial governments have made year-over-year in developing and implementing extended producer responsibility (EPR) policies and programs in compliance with the Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment's (CCME) Canada-wide Action Plan on EPR.

In three previous years (2012, 2013, 2015), EPR Canada published Report Cards that scored jurisdictions according to their level of EPR activities measured against three category areas: commitment, implementation and accountability. This year, as we did in 2014, we have published a summary report in acknowledgement that making changes in EPR policy and programs takes time. For this summary report, EPR Canada reviewed the submissions from the jurisdictions, conducted our own overview of initiatives and generated this final summary reflecting activities completed by 2016.

The State of EPR in Canada

This report contains a summary of The State of EPR in Canada and what we have learned, as well as overviews of each jurisdiction's progress between 2012 and 2016. A more detailed version of the State of EPR in Canada is posted on this website:

Full List of EPR Canada Report Cards and Documents


EPR Canada Thanks its 2015 Sponsors

Clean Farms   Emterra Group   encorp Pacific

Merlin Plastics   Ontario Waste Management Association

How is EPR different from product stewardship?

Some waste diversion programs are designed and operated by governments (municipalities or provinces) or by quasi-governmental administrative authorities in which producers, if involved, are in a minority. These programs are financed by government or by fees levied by government on producers and/or consumers. These programs are considered examples of product stewardship or partial EPR, depending on the degree of producer involvement in designing, operating and/or financing the program. 

Only programs where producers are solely and fully responsible for designing, operating and financing the diversion program and are accountable for the program’s environmental performance are considered full EPR. 

Transitioning from product stewardship to EPR

Diversion programs implemented by provinces and territories were often originally designed as product stewardship programs, delivered by government or by quasi-governmental administrative authorities.  Given the direct or indirect involvement of government, these programs typically deliver the province’s desired environmental outcomes. 

As product stewardship programs are transitioned to EPR to comply with CCME’s Canada-wide Action Plan on EPR, governments face the challenge of establishing an effective policy and regulatory framework that both transitions responsibility to producers to design, operate and finance diversion programs while ensuring that producer-operated programs continue to deliver the desired environmental outcomes.  

What is Extended Producer Responsibility?

Extended producer responsibility (EPR) is an environmental policy approach in which a producer’s responsibility (physical and/or financial) for a product is extended to the post-consumer stage of the product’s life cycle. EPR shifts responsibility upstream in the product life cycle to the producer and away from municipalities and regional waste authorities. As a policy approach it provides incentives to producers to incorporate environmental considerations into the design of their products. EPR also shifts the historical public sector tax-supported responsibility for some waste to the individual brand owner, manufacturer or first importer.

Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) has become a widely used environmental instrument for the management of end-of-life products and wastes. Governments and the public started the drive for EPR, but it is producers that have stepped up to take responsibility and operate a number of cost effective programs with high rates of waste diversion and positive environmental impacts. EPR is a Canadian environmental success story.

What and who is EPR Canada?

EPR Canada has been formed as a not-for-profit association by a small group of like-minded individuals who have been connected with producer responsibility programs across Canada for a combined period of over 100 years.  The mission of the association is to help ensure the continued growth and improvement of EPR policies, programs and practices in Canada.

EPR Canada is dedicated to fostering informed debate and to being a forum through which EPR public policy officials, practitioners, stakeholders and experts can work together to advance EPR in Canada. EPR Canada will focus on and promote:

  • Leadership and innovation;
  • Best practices in policy and program operations; and
  • Defining and advancing efficient and effective program development, implementation, management and harmonization

EPR Canada developed Canada’s first environmental Report Card of federal, provincial and territorial EPR policies and program performance as its founding project initiative. The results of first EPR Canada Report Card were announced and published in July 2012.

EPR Canada develops each annual Report Card according to the following stages:

  • Distribution of the EPR Canada Report Card Questionnaire: February
  • Federal, provincial and territorial EPR submissions due: late May
  • EPR Canada assessment of the submissions and preparation of the Report Card: May to August
  • Announcement of the Report Card results: September/October

To learn more about EPR Canada and the EPR Report Card, please visit the following pages.

EPR Canada is grateful for the graphic expertise of Bev Stone who has contributed time and skills to assist us in the presentation of our EPR Report Card and other communication materials. Bev can be reached at bevstone@comcast.net.

EPR Canada Report Card Sponsors

The members of EPR Canada contribute their time and efforts to further the organization’s objectives voluntarily and without remuneration, although some expenses are reimbursed. To assist with expenses related to announcing and publishing the results of the annual Report Cards, we are grateful for the support of sponsors. Through their financial contributions, EPR Canada can continue to encourage EPR policy and program development, implementation and harmonization across Canada.


EPR Canada
Email: info@eprcanada.ca